OPD vs IPD : Difference Between OPD and IPD


OPD vs IPD : Difference Between OPD and IPD


OPD stands for Outpatient Department and IPD stands for Inpatient Department. In OPD, patients receive treatment without being admitted to a hospital, while in IPD, admission to a hospital or clinic for at least 24 hours is required. In terms of cost, IPD is typically more expensive than OPD. OPD visits are often more frequent, while patients are discharged from IPD when fully recovered.

An overview of Outpatient Department (OPD)

In the Outpatient Department (OPD), patients receive medical attention from a physician or specialist without the need for an overnight stay. Treatment is completed within a shorter time frame, usually less than 24 hours. Appointments with doctors can be scheduled for convenience.

An overview of In-patient Department (IPD)

n IPD, patients stay for extended periods for medical treatment and are provided with beds, equipment and round-the-clock medical care. Admissions often occur from emergency, OPD, or a doctor’s referral.

  OPD and IPD management using HIMS

The integration of technology has significantly improved the operations of both OPDs and IPDs in hospitals. By using technology, the amount of manual paperwork and inaccuracies have been reduced.

Using technology for health record management enhances medical knowledge and awareness, leading to more accurate diagnoses and lower healthcare costs. The Hospital Information Management System (HIMS) is a key player in meeting today’s patient needs, improving patient care and reducing medical errors. It enables hospitals to efficiently manage their day-to-day activities.

Benefits of OPD Management using HIMS

Online Appointments & Billing: Efficiently book online appointments with physicians and manage OPD patients’ orders, lab reports, and financial transactions with integrated billing management.

Queue Management: Patients wait digitally or in a conventional queue system. In the digital system, patients wait in chairs or a hall until their turn is displayed on a screen. This reduces overcrowding and waiting in long lines.

E-Prescriptions: HIMS streamlines prescription upload and delivery to the right patient for added security and peace of mind.

Reports & Analysis: HIMS provides accurate reports for better analysis, identifies underperformance, and manages updated medical records.

Doctor Management: Monitor physician performance and manage daily appointments and billing from one platform to identify areas for improvement.

Benefits of IPD Management using HIMS

Bed Availability : Real-time bed availability information is crucial for patients. The recent pandemic highlights this need. Slow or delayed bed availability responses can be a frustrating experience for patients. HIMS provides real-time bed availability updates.

Discharge Details : HIMS aggregates patient data such as prescriptions, health status, and discharge information to keep patients informed on billing details. This eliminates unexpected financial surprises during the discharge process and minimizes errors in the discharge summary, leading to smoother discharge experiences for patients.

Patient Registration : HIMS helps the front desk by providing quick digital appointment access and doctor availability information. With real-time visibility, efficient care is provided through patient enrollment, pre-filled templates, check-in time, billing information, prescription verification, report details, follow-up requests, and EHR/EMR updates and retrieval, all on one platform.

Lab Tracking : HIMS benefits laboratory staff by enabling quick sample and test result tracking. It provides real-time updates on inpatient orders, test progress, and essential information.

Billing : HIMS streamlines inpatient billing processes. It eliminates the need for paper-based methods and provides quick access to billing details with just a few clicks. The billing system begins upon the start of a patient’s hospital services and covers all billable information from the start to end of a patient’s stay.

Implementing a strong HIMS is crucial in hospitals to enhance communication between medical staff and patients in IPD and OPD, leading to improved patient care and staff efficiency. A well-functioning system can effectively manage and analyze information, reducing overload and increasing productivity


Having the right systems in place for managing OPD and IPD is crucial to improve the efficiency of your hospital. This can lead to an increase in patient capacity, even during challenging times like the Covid-19 pandemic.