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A new study demonstrates that migraines can interfere with sleep cycles

According to a recent study, adults and children who suffer from migraines may have poorer sleep quality and shorter REM sleep time than those who do not suffer from migraines.

Children who suffer from migraines were shown to have less overall sleep duration than their healthy classmates, although they took less time to fall asleep than their healthy peers.

Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep is the period of sleep during which the most brain activity occurs, as well as the presence of vivid dreams. It is necessary for the development of learning and memory skills.

When it comes to bad sleep quality, "Do migraines create poor sleep quality or do migraines cause poor sleep quality?" Author of the meta-analysis Jan Hoffmann, MD, PhD, of King's College London in the United Kingdom, who is also a member of the American Academy of Neurology, explained his findings.

"We wanted to examine previous research in order to gain a better understanding of how migraines affect people's sleep habits and the intensity of their headaches," the researchers explained. Clinicians will be better able to support persons suffering from migraines and provide more effective sleep therapies as a result," Hoffmann concluded.

The researchers included 32 studies in the meta-analysis, with a total of 10,243 participants.

Participants were asked to complete a questionnaire in order to rate their own level of sleep quality. It inquired about sleep habits, such as how long it takes for you to fall asleep, how much sleep you get in total, and whether or not you use sleep aids. A higher score indicates a poorer quality of sleep.

Many of the studies required participants to participate in an overnight sleep lab, which is used to identify sleep problems. This type of sleep study records brain waves, oxygen levels in the blood, heart rate, and eye movement during the course of the night.

According to the findings, adults who suffer from migraines had higher overall average scores on the questionnaire than people who did not suffer from migraines, with migraines accounting for a moderate amount of the difference.

When it came to persons who suffer from chronic migraines, the gap was considerably bigger.

Adults and children with migraines had reduced REM sleep as a percentage of total sleep time, according to studies conducted by the researchers.

When researchers looked at children who had migraines, they discovered that they had less overall sleep time, greater wake time, and a shorter time for sleep onset than children who had not experienced migraines.

According to Hoffmann, it is probable that children who suffer from migraines will fall asleep more quickly than their peers as a result of being sleep deprived.

"Our research contributes to a better understanding of migraines and how they affect sleep patterns, as well as illustrating the impact that these patterns may have on a person's ability to have a decent night's sleep," Hoffmann explained.

According to the findings of the meta-analysis, there is no evidence of a link between sleep and migraines. The meta-analysis has some limitations, one of which is that drugs that impact sleep cycles were not taken into consideration.

The Medical Research Council and the Migraine Trust in the United Kingdom provided funding for the meta-analysis.

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