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What is Obesity and Causes?

obesity


What is Obesity


Obesity is a disorder that involves an excessive amount of fat. Obesity is a disease that  increases the risk of other diseases and health problems, such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and certain cancers. Obesity generally results from an inherited factors and combined with the environment and personal diet and exercise choices.


The weight loss can improve or prevent the health problems associated with obesity.  The changes in diet increased physical activity also behavior changes can help you lose weight. 



Causes Of Obesity


Obesity occurs when you take in more calories than you burn through rigorous exercise and the daily activities. The body stores these excess calories as fat.


The Americans' diets are too high in calories which are often from fast food and high calorie beverages.  Obesity victimized might eat more calories before feeling full, feel hungry sooner, or eat more due to stress or anxiety.



1. Unhealthy Diet. 


A diet with high calories, which  lacks fruits and vegetables, full of fast food, with high -calorie beverages and oversized portions contributes to weight gain.



2. Liquid Calories. 


Drinking many calories without feeling full, most especially calories from alcohol. Other high-calorie beverages, include:  sugared soft drinks, can contribute to significant weight gain. Medical challenges such as arthritis, also can lead to decreased activity, which may result in weight gain. There are some medications which can lead to weight gain if you do not compensate through diet or activity. This medications include : Antidepressants, anti -seizure medications, diabetes medications, antipsychotic steroids and beta blockers.



3. Social and Economic Issues.


Social and economic factors are linked to obesity. Avoiding obesity is difficult if you do not have safe areas to walk or exercise, likewise, you may not have been taught healthy ways of cooking, or you may not have access to healthier foods. 



4. Age


As human being grow, hormonal changes and a less active lifestyle increase your risk of obesity and the amount of muscle in your body tends to decrease with age. .Obesity  occur at any age, even in young children.



5. Family Inheritance and Influences


The genes inherited from parents may affect the amount of fat  stored in the body and also where that fat is been distributed. Genetics may also play a vital  role in how efficiently your body converts food into energy, how your body regulates your appetite and how your body burns calories during exercise.



Other factors include:


1. Pregnancy. Weight gain is common during pregnancy. Women who just gave birth find it difficult to lose weight after delivery. Breast feeding is  the best option used to lose the weight gained during pregnancy.


2. Quitting smoking. Quitting smoking is often associated with weight gain.  The doctor can also give some medications to help you prevent weight gain after quitting smoking.


3. Lack of sleep. Lack of sleep or getting too much sleep can cause changes in hormones that increase your appetite. 


4. Stress: The external factors that affect your mood and well-being may contribute to obesity. Human being usually seek more high -calorie food when experiencing stressful situations.

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