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How You Can Get Started with a Raspberry Pi 4

Raspberry Pi

What is Raspberry Pi

The Raspberry Pi is a low priced, credit-card sized device that plugs into a pc monitor or TV, and uses a customary keyboard and mouse. it's a capable device that allows users to explore computing, and to program in languages like Scratch and Python. 

Raspberry Pi is capable of doing virtually everything you’d expect a microcomputer would do, from browsing the internet to enjoying high-definition video, to creating spreadsheets, word-processing, and enjoying games. 

You have a Raspberry Pi 4! Now what? Getting started, you’ll want to install an operating system on your Pi as well as installing a GUI if you want a point-and-click interface instead of only an interaction with your Pi through a terminal window. 

Note: These instructions are for beginners who do not want to connect a keyboard and a mouse directly to the Raspberry Pi. Instead, we’ll take you on a walk on how to connect a PC on your network to a Raspberry Pi connected to your router via an ethernet cord. 

If you adhere and take these steps, you’ll end up having a Raspberry Pi running a port of Debian with the Raspberry Pi Desktop that you can access via the Remote Desktop. These instructions are optimized for the Raspberry Pi 4 but also should work with other versions of the Pi.

How to Install a GUI and OS on Your Raspberry Pi 4

Here We'll show you How to Install a GUI and OS on Your Raspberry Pi 4

Let’s see an example ftom a cooking concept called mise en place. That means making ready everything you’ll need before you start, to the extent you can.

The Hardware You Will Need

1. Raspberry Pi 4.

2. SD card. The card should be at least a class ten and the quickest one you can lay your hands on, preferably a V90 UHS-II.

3. SD card reader for your computer.

4. An Ethernet cord for connecting to the Raspberry Pi to your router.

5. A way to supply power to your Raspberry Pi. You could use a power over ethernet Pi HAT if you have a power over the ethernet switch that can provide power to the Pi.

Note: If you Buy a knock-off power supply or are making use of the one you have lying around is a recipe for failure. It’s one of the common and hard-to-track-down problems—a power supply that isn’t beefy enough.

Download These Two Programs to Your PC

1. Download the Raspberry Pi Imager.

2. Download the Adafruit-Pi-Finder.

Install and Launch Raspberry Pi Imager

3. Open Raspberry Pi Imager executable, imager_1.5.exe.

4. Choose your operating system (Raspberry Pi OS) and also choose the location of your SD card. Then you select Write.

This could take a while, depending on how your SD card reader is connected to your computer, so you just need to be patient while it installs. 

Create a File Called SSH

5. Launch the file explorer on your PC by pressing the Windows Key + E. You can set it to show file extensions, do this by selecting View and making sure that the box is checked next to File name extensions.

6. Right-click and select New > Text Document. 

7. Rename the file you created to ssh. Delete the extension from the filename and transfer the SD Card to Your Raspberry Pi 4

8. Eject the SD card from your computer’s card reader.

9. Insert the SD card into the Pi.

10. Connect the Pi to your router via ethernet cord or via WiFi (but use a wired connection for now). 

Now Find Your Pi’s IP Address and then you Install xrdp

11. Extract the Adafruit-Pi-Finder zip file that you downloaded in step 2 to your computer. The app will assist you to find the IP address of the Raspberry Pi on your network.

12. Run the Adafruit-Pi-Finder executable, pifinder.exe. 

13. Select the Find My Pi button. Results may take a while to appear. When they do, copy the IP address from the IP address field, and save it somewhere safe cos we'll use it later to connect from Pi to your PC. 

14. Next, select Terminal. The password will be changed later, so for now we can use the default username pi and the default password raspberry.

15. A terminal window will open. 

16. Now we’ll download and install xrdp software to the Raspberry Pi which will allow you to connect to your Raspberry Pi’s desktop from a Windows machine. Type the following command in the terminal window, : sudo apt-get install xrdp and press Enter.

17. The installer will probably ask you if you want to continue after telling you how much additional disk space will be used. Type y and press enter. 

Now connect to the Pi with a Remote Desktop and then you Change the Pi’s Password

18. Run Remote Desktop Connection on your Windows computer and paste or type in the IP address of your Raspberry Pi.

19. Select Connect.

20. A warning message will appear. Select Yes.

21. A remote desktop window will launch. Now you'll type your username, pi, and the default Pi password, raspberry. 

22. Select OK.

23. You will see a message welcoming you to the Raspberry Pi Desktop!

23. Select the Next button to proceed.

24. Now choose your country, language, and timezone. 

25. Click Next.

27. Now it’s time to change the default password for your Pi. Type in your new password twice. (Don’t forget to save it somewhere! Use a password manager! cos if you lose your Pi’s password, it's a world of trouble for you.) 

28. Click Next. 

29. You can Set Up Screen. “ If you notice that your screen has a black border at the edges of it, click the box that is below.” Then Press Next. 

30. Select WiFi Network. This step is only to be completed if you intend on disconnecting your Pi’s ethernet from the router. Select Next or Skip.

31. Update Software. Press Next.

32. Once the software is updated, you’ll see a “system is up to date” message. Press OK.

33. The Setup Complete! Just select Restart so that the new settings will take effect. 

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