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A Cascade Of Diamonds


Diamond is in a solid state of an element known as carbon with its atoms aligned in a crystal structure called Diamond Cubic. Diamond has the most concentrated hardness and thermal conductivity of any natural material, properties that are utilized in major industrial applications such as cutting and polishing tools.


Diamonds can begin to grow deeply underground in Earth's mantle, they need a little zap from an electric field.


In the laboratory, scientists mimicked conditions in the mantle — the layer just beneath Earth's crust — and found that diamonds grew only when exposed to an electric field, even a weak one of approximately 1 volt, according to the study, which was published. The outcome clearly show that electric fields should be considered as an important additional factor that influences the crystallization of diamonds.


Diamonds are composed of carbon atoms aligned in a particular crystal structure. Diamond form more than 90 miles (150 kilometers) under Earth's surface, where pressures reach several gigapascals and temperatures can soar upward of 2,732 degrees Fahrenheit (1,500 degrees Celsius). There are many factors behind the "birth" of this gem — prized for its polished beauty and extreme hardness — are a mystery. A team of Russian and German scientists looked into a  particular factor: underground electric fields. Diamonds need an electric zap to crystallize deep inside Earth,without voltage, diamonds do not form.


In the laboratory scientists imitate conditions in the mantle — the layer just beneath Earth's crust — and found that diamonds grew only when exposed to an electric field, even a weak one of approximately 1 volt, according to the study, which was published online Jan. 20 in the journal Science Advances. The outcome clearly show that electric fields should be considered as an important additional factor that influences the crystallization of diamonds.. The constituents needed to make a diamond include: Carbonate silicate powders that are similar to carbonate which are abundantly rich in the mantle. 



Diamond  powders  are place in an artificial mantle in their laboratory and subjected them to pressures of up to 7.5 gigapascals and temperatures of up to 2,912 F (1,600 C), and electrode -powered electric fields varies from 0.4 to 1 volt. After varying periods lasting up to 40 hours, diamonds (and their softer carbon -based cousin, graphite) formed, but only when the researchers set up an electric field of approximately 1 volt — which losses strength than most household batteries. 


The diamonds and graphite are only created at the cathode, or the negative part of the electric field. This main point  provides electrons to re-energize a chemical process — mainly, so that certain carbon -oxygen compounds in the carbonates can undergo a series of reactions to become carbon dioxide and, eventually, the carbon atoms that can form a crystal structure.

The Uses of Diamond


The main uses of diamonds are:


  • Diamonds are used for decorations, jewelry and industrial applications.

  • Diamonds are as gemstones used for adornment.

  • Diamonds are used as industrial abrasives for cutting hard materials. 

  • Diamonds are used in place of silicon in a computer. 

  • Diamonds are used in the health industry.

  • Diamonds are used in assisting with cavities.

  • Diamonds are used as a beauty product.

  • The use of diamonds are also present in high-end speakers.

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