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HTML Line Break Tag

Whenever you use the <br /> element, anything following it starts from the next line. This tag is an example of an empty element, where you do not need opening and closing tags, which means there is nothing to put in between them.

The <br /> tag has a space between the characters br and the forward slash. If you omit this space, older browsers will have trouble rendering the line break, while if you miss the forward slash character and just use <br> it is not valid in XHTML.

Example:

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<head>

<title>Line Break Example</title>

</head>

<body>

<p>Hello<br />

You delivered your assignment on time.<br />

Thanks<br />

Mahnaz</p>

</body>

</html>

This will produce the following result:

Hello 

You delivered your assignment on time. 

Thanks

Mahnaz

HTML Horizontal Lines Tags

Horizontal lines are used normally to visually break-up sections of a document. The <hr> tag creates a line from the current position in the document to the right margin and breaks the line consequently.

For example, you may want to give a line between two paragraphs as in the given example below:

Example

<!DOCTYPE html>

<html>

<head>

<title>Horizontal Line Example</title>

</head>

<body>

<p>This is paragraph one and should be on top</p>

<hr />

<p>This is paragraph two and should be at bottom</p>

</body>

</html>

This will produce the following result

This is paragraph one and should be on top 

----------------------------------------------------------

This is paragraph two and should be at bottom

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