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WAP Tutorial
[WAP is] the de facto worldwide standard for providing Internet communications and advanced telephony services on digital mobile phones, pagers, personal digital assistants, and other wireless terminals - WAP Forum.
WAP stands for Wireless Application Protocol. Per the dictionary definition for each of these words we have:
  • Wireless: Lacking or not requiring a wire or wires pertaining to radio transmission.
  • Application: A computer program or piece of computer software that is designed to do a specific task.
  • Protocol: A set of technical rules about how information should be transmitted and received using computers.
WAP is the set of rules governing the transmission and reception of data by computer applications on or via wireless devices like mobile phones. WAP allows wireless devices to view specifically designed pages from the Internet using only plain text and very simple black-and-white pictures.
WAP is a standardized technology for cross-platform, distributed computing very similar to the Internet's combination of Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) and Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), except that it is optimized for:
  • low-display capability
  • low-memory
  • low-bandwidth devices, such as personal digital assistants (PDAs), wireless phones, and pagers.
WAP is designed to scale across a broad range of wireless networks like GSM, IS-95, IS-136, and PDC.

Who is behind WAP?

The Wireless Application Protocol (WAP) is a result of joint efforts taken by companies teaming up in an industry group called WAP Forum(www.wapforum.org).
On June 26, 1997, Ericsson, Motorola, Nokia, and Unwired Planet took the initiative to start a rapid creation of a standard for making advanced services within the wireless domain a reality. In December 1997, WAP Forum was formally created and after the release of the WAP 1.0 specifications in April 1998, WAP Forum membership was opened to all.
The WAP Forum now has over 500 members and represents over 95 percent of the global handset market. Companies such as Nokia, Motorola and Ericsson are all members of the forum.
The objective of the forum is to create a license-free standard that brings information and telephony services to wireless devices.
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