What is Smelting?


Smelting is the metallurgical process in which a metal is obtained in a fused state. Fused state is a process by which solid substances are liquefied or reduce to a plastic state by heating and melting the substance. Fused state is also, when solid is converted to liquid by heat.
The metal used to recover copper from a solution of copper sulphate is Iron(Fe). Iron is a chemical element with symbol Fe and atomic number 26. It is a metal in the first transition series. It is by mass the most common element on Earth, forming much of Earth’s outer and inner core.
Name: Iron
Symbol: Fe
Atomic Number: 26
Atomic Mass: 55.845
Boiling Point: 2,862 °C
Melting Point: 1538 °C
Number of Protons/Electrons: 26
Number of Neutrons: 30
Classification: Transition Metal
Crystal Structure: Cubic
Density @ 293 K: 7.86 g/cm3
Electrons per shell: 2, 8, 14, 2
Electron configuration: [Ar] 3d64s2

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