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Global Information -
Emergencies may be natural or human-made.

Natural emergencies include:
- floods, droughts, fires, landslides, earth tremors/earthquakes, storm surges, coastal erosion, cyclones, epidemics of diseases or pests.

Human-made emergencies may arise from:
- industrial explosions or other accidents that release industrial toxins into the environment, fires, transport accidents, or from ethnic, national or international conflicts.
Any of these causes may lead to mass migrations of people who are struggling to survive by escaping from a hazard or an actual emergency.

Both natural and human-related disasters are dwarfed by avoidable health disasters. In 1999 between 70,000 and 100,000 people were killed by natural disasters, but around 13 million died of infectious diseases. AIDS was first identified in the 1980‟s since when about 25 million have died of the infection. During 2004, about 40 million people globally were living with HIV/AIDS and 3 million died. Daily, over 6,000 people become infected with HIV: half of them are under 25 years old.
• Over 40% of the world lives in malaria prone areas. Between 1 and 3 million people die from malaria annually and three-quarters of these are children.
• Three million people die annually of tobacco effects and numbers are increasing.
• The World Health Organization records that one million people die from suicide annually - a mortality rate of 16 per 100,000, or one death every 40 seconds.
This information provides a perspective against which other disasters can be examined.
Worldwide there are currently about 15 million refugees and over 26 million internally displace persons (IDPs). Many are the victims of war or conflict. The Asia Pacific Region, with 55% of the world‟s population, is subject to the greatest impact of natural and human-made disasters.

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